The Enforcement, Engagement, and Empowerment for Change on the Eastern Shore (E3) Initiative seeks to defend and implement pollution-reducing policies; pressure government and industry to meet community-led demands for accountability and solutions; accurately track agricultural pollution impacts on water and people; and create a level playing field for small and sustainable farmers. E3’s work focuses on enforcement of environmental laws, advocacy for policy reform, community organizing, and operation of new citizen air and water monitoring networks. E3 aims to ensure that any expansion of the poultry industry on Maryland’s Eastern Shore does not harm the health of local residents or pollute waterways. Over the coming years, we expect this initiative to reverse declining air and water quality trends on the Eastern Shore, thereby helping Maryland to meet its pollution goals under the Chesapeake Bay TMDL.
E3 is a collaborative of the Assateague Coastal Trust, Center for Progressive Reform, Chesapeake Legal Alliance, Waterkeepers Chesapeake, and the Environmental Integrity Project. that began in 2019.
E3 initiated a campaign to raise awareness about nitrates in drinking water on the Eastern Shore. On Maryland’s Lower Eastern Shore, the number of concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) has proliferated in recent years. Over-application or mismanagement of nitrogen-rich manure can cause nitrates to leach into the groundwater that Lower Eastern Shore residents rely on for drinking water, with serious implications for public health. Nitrate pollution has been linked to blue baby syndrome, a condition fatal to infants, certain types of cancer, and pregnancy complications. Poultry manure is a major source of nitrates in drinking water. E3’s strategy includes research, legislation, and a citizen-science monitoring project. E3 published a report assessing private wells and public system water quality on the Lower Eastern Shore, as well as private well regulation in Maryland.
Pollution Monitoring & Enforcement
Our initiative supports legislation and regulations that hold the poultry industry accountable for disposing of the waste it produces in a responsible manner. Areas that E3 has addressed includes ensuring that the Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE) promulgates fees for large feeding operations (AFOs); commenting on and challenging the draft Maryland General Discharge Permit for AFOs, calling for MDE to consider climate change and water pollution caused by unchecked ammonia emissions; releasing a report about ammonia air emissions and nitrogen loads from the poultry industry; and working on legislation.
E3 supports environmentally sound farming practices and just transition policies that provide funding and resources to farmers willing to work in this direction, and supports efforts by local activists and concerned citizens to fight for a healthier food system on the Lower Eastern Shore. E3 worked to engage and connect with food and farm workers across the agricultural supply chain, and worked to improve the safety of working conditions. E3 raises awareness and engagement on issues through partnerships, collaborations, events and outreach, works on legislation, and conducts research. Due to the COVID-19 safety restrictions on in person events, much of the recent outreach and engagement happened online. Events included a movie showing of “Right to Harm” in May 2020, followed by an online presentation and town hall about agricultural pollution with public health experts in June 2020; also in June 2020, hosted a community engagement webinar with local farmers about the environment and the benefits of transitioning to sustainable agriculture; and a webinar in November with farmers, legislators and advocates discussing the legacies of inequity and racism in our food system.
The Safe Drinking Water Act is the primary federal law governing the health of the nation’s drinking water, but its protections do not extend to private drinking wells and smaller community-based water systems. Roughly 2 million Marylanders rely on well water as their primary drinking source and are expected to take the safety of their … Read more
Pipeline Development on Maryland’s Eastern Shore Could Lead to Expansion of Industrial Poultry Facilities
Communities fighting against pipelines want sustainable agriculture and clean energy (Berlin, MD) Chesapeake Utilities is proposing to bring fracked gas from Delaware across the Eastern Shore of Maryland to the University of Maryland Eastern Shore (UMES) and Eastern Correctional Institution (ECI) in Somerset County. The Del-Mar Pipeline would supply industrial poultry facilities, businesses, and residential … Read more
The coronavirus pandemic has shined a light on the precarious nature of industrial agriculture and how the few companies dominating this sector often leave out contract farmers and essential workers at all levels of the supply chain. A resilient, equitable local and regional food system is more important than ever. This crisis offers us an … Read more
Poultry Industry Ammonia Air Pollution Adds More Nitrogen to Chesapeake Bay than all MD or PA Sewage Plants
Fatter Birds and Lack of Emissions Controls Contribute 12 Million Pounds of Nitrogen to Bay Annually FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Wednesday, April 22, 2020 (Earth Day) Press contact: Tom Pelton, Environmental Integrity Project, (443) 510-2574 or email@example.com Washington, D.C. — A new study concludes that ammonia air pollution from the Chesapeake region poultry industry contributes about … Read more