River Patrols, Enforcement, and Water Quality Monitoring
The Riverkeepers patrol the rivers by water and air looking for illegal pollution. They also utilize water quality monitoring volunteers as eyes throughout the watersheds. When pollution problems are detected they take action to resolve them. The Creekwatchers water quality monitoring program tests nine rivers, approximately 110 sites, monthly, bi-monthly, or weekly depending on nutrient concentrations. They measure for salinity, temperature, water quality, and dissolved oxygen, and test for nitrogen, phosphorus, and chlorophyll a concentrations. Beginning in 2013, in partnership with the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, they included an isotope marking technology that can distinguish between pollution sources such as bird manure, mammal waste, and fertilizer-based nutrients. They use othe results in a variety of contexts: to identify and remediate hot spots on the river; to influence local and state action; in education and outreach; and in keeping communities informed and engaged in river protection.
Legislative and Legal Advocacy
MRC is constantly looking for ways to significantly improve water quality through legal and legislative advocacy. They brought an appeal against the state of Delaware arguing that the proposed concentrated animal feeding operation regulations [CAFO regulations] were insufficient to adequately control chicken waste pollution of the upper Choptank. The case was favorably settled. With several partners, they sued Queen Anne’s County over re-zonings from agricultural to commercial use in sensitive areas of our watersheds, zoning changes that contradicted the county’s Comprehensive Plan, and were successful in a precedent setting ruling.
MRC is active in Annapolis each legislative session advocating for laws that protect waterways in meaningful ways, such as the lawn fertilizer reform law, and the ban on arsenic in chicken feed. They work with state and local governments to facilitate the enactment of effective measures to further the laudable goals of the new Bay pollution diet that each jurisdiction must now employ. They comment and testify on key regulatory changes such as the recent reduction of menhaden catch limits and the strengthening of nutrient management regulations for agricultural operations.
MRC conducts watershed assessments of its various tributaries, analyzing water quality, identifying major sources of pollution, developing measures to reduce or eliminate those sources, and identifying funding sources to implement those measures. They have conducted such assessments of the upper Choptank, the Tanyard Branch, which runs through Easton and into the Tred Avon River, and recently received funding to complete a comprehensive assessment of the Wye River.
Agricultural Outreach and Remediation
MRC seeks to collaborate with agricultural landowners to develop, find funding for, and implement effective pollution remediation projects on key farms that have enriched runoff or groundwater. MRC has installed Maryland’s first woodchip bioreactors, a new conservation practice that mimics natural processes to reduce nitrogen coming off farm fields’ drainage systems. The first two installations have been completed on farms located in Ruthsburg (Queen Anne’s County) and Ridgely (Caroline County). A project was completed in 2012 in Caroline County where we installed a series of Agri Drains along a major drainage conduit.
Lawn Fertilizer Curtailment
Lawn fertilizer is much like farm fertilizer, rich in nitrogen, which is a major source of pollution. There are over 1,000,000 lawns in the state of Maryland compared approximately to 1,400,000 acres of planted cropland. In 2011 the state passed its first law regulating the use of lawn fertilizer, which went into effect in October 2013. MRC actively engages in outreach on this key issue, urging community members to re-think, curtail or refrain from lawn fertilizer use.
Midshore RIVERKEEPER® Conservancy supports native oyster restoration. Native oysters filter and clean our waters and their resurgence is an essential component of river health. Jeff Horstman, our Miles-Wye RIVERKEEPER®, manages the Marylanders Grow Oyster Program for the Miles and Wye Rivers. Through this program we recruit waterfront property owners to accept oyster cages filled with oyster stock. Program participants grow those oysters, which are eventually relocated to sanctuaries. MRC has established a permitted oyster reef sanctuary in the Wye River Complex. Through the State of Maryland Aquaculture Oyster Float Program, Marylanders can purchase oyster floats and spat, grow our native oysters, and receive a state tax credit. The State of Maryland currently offers an Aquaculture Oyster Float Credit of up to $500 to any citizen for the purchase of oyster spat floats. Midshore RIVERKEEPER® Conservancy can supply these floats and would like to see every dock owner participate in this program.
Education and Outreach
MRC staff engage in educating the community about our rivers and the issues they face. They work with elementary and high school students with our environmental film festival, river cleanups, and through a pilot 10-day program, teaching students to care for our waterways and their importance. They publish three newsletters annually as well as our River Report Card. They write and speak out on river issues regularly. In 2012 we produced a 24-minute film, Let Our Rivers Flow, that aired on public television and was made a selection of the 2013 Wild and Scenic Environmental Film Festival. Each November they host an Environmental Film Festival at the Avalon Theatre in Easton, screening informational and motivational films.